So-called hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the condition of having blood pressure equal to or greater than 14 per 9. Simply put, our heart pumps blood throughout the body, and during this circulation, the blood makes force against the walls of the vessels it passes through. This force is called blood pressure.
Because of this “pressure,” the blood vessels become stiff and narrow the path where the blood circulates. This results in damage to the vessels, forming clots and clogging the artery to the heart, causing a heart attack.
The clot can also settle in a vessel of the brain, which can cause a stroke. The increased pressure can also interfere with the arteries of the kidneys, losing their ability to filter the blood, resulting in kidney failure.
What causes high blood pressure?
When we talk about the causes of hypertension, it is important to remember that 35% of the adult population has high blood pressure. Of this 35%, 95% have what we call “primary hypertension”, a genetic factor that leads to the development of the disease.
There are 3 to 5 percent of people who may have hypertension as a result of some other problem, namely. A narrowing of some artery in the kidneys can cause hypertension, a narrowing of the large vessel in the chest, a lump in a gland that we have on top of the kidney called the adrenal gland, which itself can produce substances that raise blood pressure. These mentioned conditions of hypertension are called secondary hypertension.
The most common is genetic primary hypertension, followed by secondary hypertension with cause. Many are treatable, others are not.
Hypertension has a hereditary character in what we call primary hypertension. The person is born into a family of hypertensives and may develop the disease sooner or later. Depending on the lifestyle that person follows.
From a bad lifestyle, such as: poor diet, lack of physical exercise, drinking and smoking, the development of the disease is early. In contrast to practically physical activity, concerned with diet, which, even with genetic predisposition, can slow down the disease and even prevent it.
The dangers of hypertension
The seriousness of hypertension remains masked behind rankings of major causes of death. Because high blood pressure never appears, not giving people due warning.
This is because hypertension is never the direct cause of death, but it is related to the two major causes, which are stroke and heart attack.
High blood pressure is responsible for about 65% of the heart attacks that take the lives of
85 thousand Brazilians, and in the world, there are 17 million deaths caused by cardiovascular diseases. This is an especially dangerous and treacherous disease, because it causes no symptoms until the problems and complications it causes arise
Experiencing headaches and bright spots in your vision only happens when you have an unreasonably high pressure. Something around 20 – 21. Until it reaches this level, this condition has already caused severe damage to various tissues in the body.
The indication is for people who have normal blood pressure to measure it once a year, at least. Since childhood, because there are already hypertensive young people and even children.
How to avoid high blood pressure?
Once hypertension is diagnosed, the next crucial step is to follow the prescribed medical treatment to the letter. This can be difficult because people don’t feel anything and think they look great.
If prescribed with medications, pay attention to the schedules and consume consciously and correctly, according to the prescription.
Some changes in lifestyle also act to prevent and combat this disease. So pay attention to the following points:
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